The cost of energy for Ontario businesses has increased dramatically in recent years, and among the top ratepayers are industrial consumers. According to the Association of Major Power Consumers in Ontario (AMPCO), Ontario has the highest industrial electricity rates in North America — and those rates are increasing.
One of the largest components of a business’s energy bill in Ontario is the Global Adjustment (GA) charge — a fee that reflects the difference between the market price and factors such as rates paid to crown/private generation companies and costs for conservation programs and for repairing and replacing infrastructure. For most consumers, the GA cost is based on monthly consumption. But for consumers who qualify as class A under the Industrial Conservation Initiative (ICI), payments are calculated based on how much energy they use during the previous year’s five peak hours.
This creates opportunities for class A consumers to exercise more control over how much GA they pay. We’ve compiled a list of four key ways your company can take advantage of the ICI to save big on energy costs
Until recently, facilities with an average peak demand greater than 5MW were automatically entered into the program as class A consumers and organizations with peak demands between 3MW and 5MW could choose to opt in.
But as of this January, the eligibility requirements are changing, creating opportunity for more organizations to take advantage of the ICI program. Now, companies with a peak demand of 1MW or greater (calculated from May 1st, 2016 to April 30th, 2017) can opt in to the program. If your company is considering opting in, keep in mind that you must do so by May 31st.
With GA costs being calculated based on the province’s 5 peak consumption hours, it is critically important to a company’s energy strategy to be able to predict when those peak hours will be. While the IESO provides a peak tracker, which publishes energy consumption data after the fact, it is difficult, from this information alone, to make accurate predictions about future peak hours.
Luckily, a number of options now exist to help organizations predict peak hours, so that they can plan their energy consumption around them.
Our pick is the Sygration Dashboard, by Rodan Energy Services — a straightforward, online dashboard that tracks data from a number of sources in real time, and provides up-to-the-minute forecasts. The more accurate your data, the more money you’ll be able to save.
Altering production processes presents both the biggest opportunity for savings and the biggest risk to productivity; they require careful planning to be effective. Production curtailment includes strategies such as shifting production to a different time, or slowing down production during peak hours.
This might involve reducing the number of machines performing the same task, or breaking up a process to be done in stages before and after the peak period — a strategy that often requires a large storage capacity. Companies that have breaks or slow periods in their production processes are excellent candidates for implementing this kind of strategy.
This PDF document contains industry-specific strategies for curtailing production.
Provided a facility has the appropriate environmental certifications, running an on-site generator during peak hours is a well-tested and effective peak shaving method. If your facility already has backup generators, these are likely the best option. If not, a company like Trinity Power can design a cost-effective option, using either temporary or permanent equipment.
This kind of system can be set up to operate automatically, taking over during peak hours and shutting down during off-peak times.
Companies considering this option need to factor in the costs of installing and operating the necessary equipment, as well as maintaining and fueling it. But a vast number of facilities have found that the savings are worth it.
Another effective GA cost reduction approach is to manage load demand from equipment that isn’t directly related to production.
Since this is a low-risk approach that can be implemented in many facilities, a great deal of demand response technology has been developed that can help. This technology generally involves controllers that automatically reduce the load from various systems and equipment during peak times
A demand response plan might focus on lights and ventilation units that aren’t critical and air conditioning or heating, which can all be turned off or their use reduced. It might also involve rescheduling maintenance and cleaning crews for off-peak hours, to redistribute the energy that they require to operate.
The good news about the ICI is that it is possible for class A consumers to drastically reduce their Global Adjustment costs; this article estimates that simply becoming a class A consumer can reduce energy costs by 20%. And creative planning combined with a carefully executed strategy and help from the experts can save an organization as much as $500,000 per MW.