Think “Tesla” in 2015 and you’re more than likely to imagine American entrepreneur Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors, and its well-reported, risky challenge to the status quo by making its electric vehicle technology patents freely available to competitors. Crazy.
Some film aficionados (or fans of wunderkind British director Christopher Nolan) may also remember the Oscar-nominated 2006 movie The Prestige, a film about magicians and the lengths to which they will go to create “the ultimate illusion”—incidentally involving an invention by Nikola Tesla, feats of Houdini-esque daring, and a whole bunch of top hats. Also, pretty crazy.
Pop culture references aside, what else do we actually know about Tesla? A few (relatively) little-known things:
Known for his unorthodox technological achievements as an American, Tesla was born in the late 19th century in Croatia, then part of the Austrian Empire, into an Orthodox family. His father was an Orthodox priest, and his mother was the daughter of an Orthodox priest.
Appropriately, Tesla was born during a lightning storm. This was seen by some as a bad omen; although history would prove them wrong in terms of his scientific contributions, Tesla himself encountered many personal challenges throughout his life.
We know about Tesla’s development of AC (alternating current); but he also registered up to 700 viable patents in his lifetime, an amazing amount of research and work that is the basis for many things we use today—including the ubiquitous smartphone. Read more about the great AC/DC (direct current) “power wars” in The Origins of Power Generation.
Though much of his research and personal effects were eventually returned to surviving family members, or donated to museums for posterity, Tesla’s possessions were confiscated by the Office of Alien Property (yes, that was really a thing) soon after his death. The infamous so-called “missing papers” of Tesla’s, including schematics for a rumoured “death ray” technology, are considered by some to remain a classified asset of the U.S. government.
Many of his ideas were brilliant and ultimately workable, but not all of them. One example was an 185-foot tower built on Long Island to suck electricity out of the air and send it through the earth. It did not work, Tesla eventually became broke, and the tower was torn down in 1917.
Tesla may have been a man of science, but he was also an environmentalist and humanist who believed energy sources should be renewable, and who placed the good of humanity as a whole above his own personal gain. The latter attitude, while noble, worked against him more often than not—as documented in Tesla's Monumental Genius: The First to Tap the Power of Niagara Falls.
Like the hustlers in The Colour of Money, Tesla was an accomplished pool player who played almost every night, regularly pocketing a few quarters each time—about $15 in today’s money. He also lived at the Waldorf Astoria at the height of his popularity and success, although his fortunes turned later in life.
As a well-known personality, Tesla was friends or neighbours with quite a few other famous people in his day, including Rudyard Kipling and Mark Twain. He reportedly referred to the decorated writer Kipling as an “inkspiller” after having dinner with him, and gave Twain the scare of his life when he invited the famous novelist to try his “earthquake machine,” which had Twain literally running for the bathroom.
Unsurprising for a genius, Tesla had a few quirky habits of his own. He was a chronic insomniac and a germophobe, disliked round objects (he reportedly refused to speak to women who wore pearls), and couldn't bear to touch hair, which must have been a tough one.
A huge contributor to the Tesla mystique was undoubtedly his photographic memory, which meant he could recall or reproduce with uncanny detail, anything he saw—books, images, landscapes, people’s faces. He also reportedly was able to visualize his ideas in three dimensions (a real-life precursor to today’s previsualization technology), an invaluable asset as an inventor.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nikola_Tesla http://www.exposingtruth.com/14-interesting-facts-know-nikola-tesla/ http://www.pbs.org/tesla/ll/ll_mispapers.html http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/5-things-you-didnt-know-about-nikola-tesla/ http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/sciencefacts/scientists/nikolatesla.html http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/10/131003-nikola-tesla-surprising-facts-statue-museum-science/ http://www.livescience.com/46720-nikola-tesla-158th-anniversary.html
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